ANTIQUE CHINESE POTTERY SHIWAN STATUE BODHIDHARMA 19TH LATE QING -REPUBLIC PERIOD JUN GLAZE FIGURINE DISPLAYED IN CHINA COUPLE OF MUSEUM AS A SHIWAN POTTERY. SIZE ONLY STATUE 27 CM Shiwan FigurinesAnother most notable achievement of the Shiwan potters is their sculpture. The figurines are more expressive, lively and lifelike as compared to those from Jingdezhen. In the early stage, mainly religious figurines such as Bodhidharma, laughing Buddha, Goddess of Mercy, God of Longevity, and etc were produced. Later on, more variety of figurines from historic, folklore and popular literary works such as Romance of the 3 Kingdoms and Water margin were introduced. As the Shiwan pottery also catered to a western export market, figurines of foreign children, nudes and busts were also produced. Shiwan potters paid particular attention to the facial expression of the figurines. The expression may appear exaggerated but aptly captured the unique character of the subject. To the potters, the spirit is more important than the form. Cantonese opera strongly influenced the potters. The similarity of the features of the subjects with those from Cantonese opera is striking. But it is not just the form that interest the potters. The opera performers were skilled in expressing the unique character of the subject through their facial and body expression. It is this ability of the potters to capture that spirit which breathed life to their works. The rough quality of the Shiwan clay is especially suitable for modeling of figurines with masculine quality . Hence, usually the face, the hand and feet are left unglaze to fully project the masculine effect. If a finer paste is required, the Shiwan clay is mixed with those imported from Guangdong Dongguan which is fine and whiter. The Dongguang (东莞) white clay is used if a more feminine quality for the subject is required. From the extant works, we can see that the best pieces only started to emerge from the Mid 19th century onward. Representative master potters famed for the modeling of figurines include Huang Bing（黄炳）, Huang Guzhen （黄古珍）from Daoguang/Guangxu period, Chen Weiyan (陈谓岩),Chen Chi (陈赤)，Pan Yushu （潘玉书） from Guangxu/Republican period, Huo Jin (霍津), Wen Songling (温松龄)，Liu Zuochao (刘佐潮) from the Republican period, and Ou Qian （区乾）, Liu Chuan (刘传) who emerged during the late Republican period.